Recipe Banchan

Banchan refers to a variety of small, flavorful side dishes served along with cooked rice in Korean cuisine. These dishes are essential in Korean dining, offering a range of textures and flavors that complement the main course. From pickled vegetables to sautéed dishes, banchan adds depth and diversity to any meal. Let's explore how to make some popular banchan dishes, including tips for preparation, variations, and nutritional information.

Introduction to Banchan

Banchan, pronounced "bahn-chahn," is a cornerstone of Korean cuisine, often served in small, shared portions. These side dishes can be simple or elaborate, and they play a crucial role in balancing the flavors of a meal. Banchan can include a variety of ingredients such as vegetables, seafood, and tofu, seasoned with a mix of spices, herbs, and sauces. Their preparation methods vary from pickling to sautéing, each adding a unique flavor profile.

Ingredients and Preparation

1. Kimchi (Classic Napa Cabbage Kimchi)


  • 1 medium napa cabbage
  • 1/4 cup sea salt
  • 1 tablespoon grated ginger
  • 1 tablespoon minced garlic
  • 1 tablespoon fish sauce
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 tablespoon Korean red pepper flakes (gochugaru)
  • 1 carrot, julienned
  • 2 green onions, chopped
  • 1 tablespoon fish sauce


  1. Prepare the Cabbage: Cut the napa cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Sprinkle salt between each layer. Let it sit for 2-3 hours, rinsing thoroughly with cold water and draining well.
  2. Mix the Seasoning: In a bowl, combine ginger, garlic, fish sauce, sugar, gochugaru, carrots, and green onions.
  3. Marinate the Cabbage: Toss the cabbage with the seasoning mix, ensuring each leaf is well-coated. Place in a jar or airtight container and let it ferment at room temperature for 1-2 days before refrigerating.

2. Spinach Side Dish (Sigeumchi Namul)


  • 1 pound spinach, trimmed
  • 2 tablespoons sesame oil
  • 2 tablespoons sesame seeds, toasted
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 teaspoon salt


  1. Blanch the Spinach: Boil water and add spinach for 1-2 minutes. Drain and rinse under cold water. Squeeze out excess water and chop roughly.
  2. Season the Spinach: In a bowl, mix spinach with sesame oil, sesame seeds, garlic, soy sauce, and salt. Toss well to combine.

3. Bean Sprout Salad (Kongnamul Muchim)


  • 1 pound soybean sprouts
  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon sesame oil
  • 1 garlic clove, minced
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 1 teaspoon sesame seeds
  • 1 green onion, chopped


  1. Blanch the Bean Sprouts: Boil the sprouts for 3-5 minutes until tender. Rinse under cold water and drain.
  2. Mix the Ingredients: Combine soy sauce, sesame oil, garlic, sugar, sesame seeds, and green onion. Toss the sprouts in the mixture until well-coated.

Tips for Perfect Banchan

  1. Use Fresh Ingredients: Fresh vegetables and seafood enhance the flavors of your banchan.
  2. Balance the Seasoning: Taste your seasoning mix and adjust salt, sugar, or spice levels to suit your preference.
  3. Fermentation Time: Allow kimchi and other fermented dishes enough time to develop their flavors, but avoid over-fermenting.

Variations of Banchan

  • Cucumber Salad (Oi Muchim): Thinly slice cucumbers and mix with garlic, chili flakes, vinegar, and sesame oil.
  • Radish Kimchi (Kkakdugi): Cube radish and marinate with a similar mixture to napa cabbage kimchi.
  • Spicy Potato Salad (Gamja Salad): Boil potatoes and mix with gochujang, garlic, and sesame seeds.

Caloric Information

The calorie content of banchan varies depending on the ingredients used. On average:

  • Kimchi: Approximately 20-30 calories per serving.
  • Spinach Side Dish: Around 50-70 calories per serving.
  • Bean Sprout Salad: Roughly 30-40 calories per serving.

These estimates are based on standard serving sizes and can vary with ingredient adjustments.


Banchan is not just a side dish but a delightful experience that complements the main course in Korean cuisine. With a variety of flavors and textures, making banchan at home allows you to enjoy traditional Korean dining anytime. Whether you stick to classic recipes or experiment with new variations, banchan adds a unique touch to your meals. Enjoy the process of preparing these dishes, and relish the delightful taste of homemade Korean side dishes!


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