Recipe Kimchi

Kimchi is a traditional Korean dish made from fermented vegetables, primarily napa cabbage and Korean radishes. It is renowned for its unique combination of spicy, sour, and umami flavors, and it serves as a staple in Korean cuisine. The fermentation process not only enhances its taste but also adds beneficial probiotics, making it a healthy addition to any meal. This article will guide you through making your own kimchi at home, covering the ingredients, preparation steps, tips for perfecting the recipe, possible variations, and nutritional information.


Essential Ingredients

  • 1 large napa cabbage
  • 1/4 cup sea salt
  • 4 cups water
  • 1 Korean radish (or daikon radish)
  • 4 green onions
  • 1/2 cup gochugaru (Korean red chili pepper flakes)
  • 1/4 cup fish sauce
  • 1/4 cup soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 tablespoon minced garlic
  • 1 tablespoon minced ginger

Optional Ingredients

  • 1 carrot, julienned
  • 1 pear, grated (for sweetness)
  • 2 tablespoons salted shrimp (saeujeot)
  • 1/2 onion, finely chopped


Step-by-Step Instructions

Step 1: Preparing the Cabbage

  1. Cut the cabbage: Quarter the napa cabbage lengthwise and remove the core. Cut each quarter into bite-sized pieces.
  2. Salt the cabbage: Place the cabbage in a large bowl and sprinkle with sea salt. Toss to ensure the salt is evenly distributed.
  3. Soak in water: Pour water over the salted cabbage and let it sit for 1-2 hours, turning occasionally. This process draws out excess moisture and softens the cabbage.

Step 2: Preparing the Vegetables

  1. Rinse the cabbage: After soaking, rinse the cabbage thoroughly under cold water to remove excess salt. Drain well.
  2. Prepare the radish and green onions: Peel and julienne the radish. Cut the green onions into 1-inch pieces.
  3. Combine vegetables: In a large mixing bowl, combine the drained cabbage, radish, and green onions.

Step 3: Making the Kimchi Paste

  1. Mix the paste ingredients: In a small bowl, combine gochugaru, fish sauce, soy sauce, sugar, garlic, and ginger. If using optional ingredients, add them to the paste.
  2. Blend the paste: Mix until a smooth paste forms. Adjust the consistency with a bit of water if necessary.

Step 4: Combining and Fermenting

  1. Combine vegetables and paste: Add the paste to the bowl of vegetables. Wear gloves and thoroughly mix until the vegetables are evenly coated.
  2. Pack into jars: Transfer the kimchi mixture into clean, airtight jars, pressing down firmly to remove air pockets and ensure the vegetables are submerged in the paste.
  3. Ferment: Leave the jars at room temperature for 1-2 days to kickstart the fermentation process. Then, transfer to the refrigerator for at least a week before eating. Kimchi can be stored in the fridge for several months.

Tips for Perfect Kimchi

  • Quality ingredients: Use fresh, organic vegetables and authentic Korean ingredients for the best flavor.
  • Adjust spiciness: Vary the amount of gochugaru to suit your spice tolerance.
  • Fermentation time: Taste the kimchi periodically and adjust fermentation time to your preference. Longer fermentation results in a stronger, tangier flavor.
  • Clean equipment: Ensure all equipment and jars are clean to prevent unwanted bacteria.


  • Baek-kimchi (White Kimchi): Omit the chili pepper flakes for a non-spicy version.
  • Kimchi with Fruits: Add fruits like apples or pears for a natural sweetness.
  • Vegetarian Kimchi: Replace fish sauce with soy sauce or tamari for a vegetarian-friendly version.

Calorie Information

Kimchi is low in calories and rich in vitamins and probiotics. A 100-gram serving of kimchi typically contains:

  • Calories: 15-20 kcal
  • Protein: 1 gram
  • Carbohydrates: 3 grams
  • Fat: 0 grams
  • Fiber: 2 grams


Making your own kimchi at home is a rewarding culinary endeavor that allows you to enjoy this delicious and nutritious Korean staple anytime. With its rich flavors and health benefits, kimchi is a versatile dish that can enhance any meal. By following this guide, you can customize your kimchi to suit your taste preferences and dietary needs. Happy fermenting!


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