Recipe Mandu

Mandu, the Korean dumplings, are a beloved part of Korean cuisine, enjoyed as a savory snack, appetizer, or even a main dish. These dumplings are known for their flavorful fillings, which can include a variety of meats, vegetables, and seasonings, all wrapped in a delicate dough. Mandu can be steamed, boiled, pan-fried, or deep-fried, making them a versatile and delicious treat suitable for any occasion. In this article, we'll explore how to make traditional mandu, covering the ingredients, preparation steps, tips for perfect dumplings, variations you can try, and nutritional information.



  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • ¾ cup boiling water
  • 1 tablespoon vegetable oil


  • 200g ground pork (or beef)
  • 100g tofu, drained and crumbled
  • 1 cup napa cabbage, finely chopped
  • ½ cup onion, finely chopped
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon sesame oil
  • 1 teaspoon ginger, grated
  • ½ teaspoon black pepper
  • 2 green onions, finely chopped
  • 1 egg, lightly beaten

Dipping Sauce

  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon rice vinegar
  • 1 teaspoon sesame oil
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 1 teaspoon sesame seeds
  • 1 clove garlic, minced
  • 1 green onion, finely chopped
  • Red pepper flakes (optional)

Preparation and Instructions

Dough Preparation

  1. Mix the Flour and Salt: In a large mixing bowl, combine the all-purpose flour and salt.
  2. Add Boiling Water: Slowly add the boiling water to the flour mixture, stirring constantly until the dough begins to come together.
  3. Knead the Dough: Transfer the dough onto a lightly floured surface and knead for about 5-7 minutes until smooth and elastic.
  4. Rest the Dough: Place the dough in a bowl, cover with a damp cloth, and let it rest for at least 30 minutes.

Filling Preparation

  1. Prepare Vegetables: In a large bowl, mix the finely chopped napa cabbage and a pinch of salt. Let it sit for 10 minutes, then squeeze out any excess water.
  2. Combine Ingredients: In the same bowl, add ground pork (or beef), crumbled tofu, chopped onion, minced garlic, soy sauce, sesame oil, grated ginger, black pepper, chopped green onions, and beaten egg. Mix well until all ingredients are evenly combined.

Assembling Mandu

  1. Roll Out Dough: After the dough has rested, roll it out on a floured surface to about 1/8 inch thickness. Cut out circles using a cookie cutter or a glass (about 3-4 inches in diameter).
  2. Fill the Dumplings: Place a small spoonful of filling in the center of each dough circle. Fold the dough over to create a half-moon shape and press the edges together to seal. You can crimp the edges for a decorative touch.
  3. Cooking Mandu:
    • Steamed Mandu: Place the dumplings in a steamer and steam for about 10-12 minutes.
    • Boiled Mandu: Cook the dumplings in boiling water for about 5-7 minutes or until they float to the surface.
    • Pan-Fried Mandu: Heat a bit of oil in a skillet and fry the dumplings until the bottoms are golden brown, then add a splash of water, cover, and steam for another 5-7 minutes.
    • Deep-Fried Mandu: Heat oil in a deep fryer or pot to 350°F (175°C) and fry the dumplings until golden brown and crispy, about 3-4 minutes.

Dipping Sauce Preparation

  1. In a small bowl, mix soy sauce, rice vinegar, sesame oil, sugar, sesame seeds, minced garlic, chopped green onion, and red pepper flakes (if using). Stir until the sugar is dissolved.

Tips for Perfect Mandu

  • Keep the Dough Covered: Always keep the dough covered with a damp cloth while working to prevent it from drying out.
  • Even Filling: Ensure the filling is evenly distributed in each dumpling to maintain consistent cooking times and flavors.
  • Seal Properly: Make sure to seal the dumplings tightly to prevent the filling from leaking out during cooking.
  • Experiment with Fillings: Feel free to add or substitute ingredients in the filling based on your preferences.


  • Vegetarian Mandu: Replace the meat with finely chopped mushrooms, glass noodles, and more vegetables like carrots and zucchini.
  • Kimchi Mandu: Add finely chopped kimchi to the filling mixture for a spicy and tangy flavor.
  • Seafood Mandu: Use shrimp or fish instead of meat for a different taste profile.
  • Sweet Mandu: For a dessert version, fill the dumplings with sweet red bean paste or a mixture of sweetened nuts and honey.

Calorie Information

The calorie content of mandu can vary based on the ingredients and cooking method used. On average, one steamed mandu contains about 60-70 calories. Pan-fried or deep-fried mandu will have higher calorie counts due to the added oil. Here is a general breakdown:

  • Steamed Mandu: ~60-70 calories each
  • Boiled Mandu: ~60-70 calories each
  • Pan-Fried Mandu: ~80-90 calories each
  • Deep-Fried Mandu: ~90-100 calories each


Mandu are a delicious and versatile dish that can be enjoyed in many ways. Whether you prefer them steamed, boiled, pan-fried, or deep-fried, these Korean dumplings are sure to delight your taste buds. With a variety of filling options and cooking methods, you can customize mandu to suit your preferences. Try out different variations and enjoy this classic Korean comfort food!


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